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Ants

Ants

Scientific name: Formicidae Average size: 1/8 – 1/4 inch Commonly found: Where food is present Diet: Omnivorous foragers; Especially attracted to sweet or sticky foods General characteristics and facts: There are over 270 ant species in California They live in colonies with an average…

Bats

Bats

Bats Scientific name: Chiroptera Common species: (in Northern California) Brazilian Free-Tailed Bat, Pallid Bat, Big Brown Bat, California Myotis, Hoary Bat, Silver-Haired Bat, Long-Eared Bat Average size: Can range from 3-6 inches, with a wingspan of 7-16 inches (Varies by species) Commonly…

Bed Bugs

Bed Bugs

Making a Comeback! Although nearly absent for over fifty years, bed bugs are making a huge comeback in the United States. Increased international travel and immigration, along with the loss of effective insecticides, has helped this insect spread faster than…

Cockroaches

Cockroaches

Cockroaches Why Cockroaches are Considered a Harmful Pest Cockroaches often infest homes, schools, restaurants, hospitals, warehouses, offices, and virtually in any structure that has food preparation or storage areas. They contaminate food and eating utensils, destroy fabric and paper products,…

Crickets

Crickets

Crickets Scientific name: Gryllidae Common species: House Cricket, Field Cricket Average size: 0.6-1.0 inches Commonly found: Near light and warm places Diet: Dead or decaying insects, smaller insects, will eat almost anything General characteristics and facts: Male crickets will chirp to attract females in the…

Earwigs

Earwigs   Scientific name: Dermaptera Commonly known as: Pincer bugs Average size: 0.5-1.0inch Commonly found: Near trash and debris, in small crevaces Diet: They are scavengers, and also eat decaying plants and other insects   General characteristics and facts: Earwigs are nocturnal. Earwigs do not crawl…

Fleas

Fleas

What are fleas? Fleas are very small, wingless, six-legged leaping insects that feed on the blood of their hosts. They are black to reddish black in color and have spiny legs as well as rows of spines along other body…

Flies

Flies

Flies Scientific name: Diptera Average size: About 0.5 inches Commonly found: In houses, near food or garbage, near animal feces Diet: Most organic matter including nectar, garbage, feces, etc.   General characteristics and facts: Average life span 15-30 days They lay their eggs…

Moles

Gophers

Gophers Scientific name: Geomyidae Average Size: Gophers can vary greatly in size, ranging from 5-14 inches. Commonly found: In yards and gardens Diet: Gophers are herbivores – feeding mostly on roots and plant matter. General characteristics and facts: Gopher tunnels can be detected…

Pest Profiles: Millipedes

Millipedes

Millipedes Scientific name: Diplopoda Average size: Can range from 0.5-5inches Commonly found: In dark moist places Diet: Dead plant matter, fungus, other insects General characteristics and facts: Often mistaken for centipedes Come in a variety of colors Tend to coil up when threatened They…

Moles

Moles

Moles Scientific name:  Talpidae Average Size: Moles tend to be smaller in size than gophers, ranging from 4-6 inches on average Commonly found: In yards and gardens Diet: Moles are omnivores but mostly prey on earthworms, insects, and even small mice General…

Pigeons

Pigeons

Pigeons Scientific name: Columba Livia Average Weight: Range from 1-4 lbs Commonly found: In urban areas, near buildings and parks, ledges and overhangs. Diet: Wild pigeons eat seeds, grains, fruits, insects and worms. Feral pigeons in urban areas tend to be scavengers and will eat…

Mice and Rats

Rats & Mice

Rats & Mice Scientific name: Rattus & Mus Average size: Mice are small – about 3-4inches, and rats tend to be much larger – about 9-11inches Commonly found: In dark places and near food, trashcans and dumpsters Diet: They are omnivorous but prefer to eat…

Silverfish

Silverfish

Silverfish Scientific name: Lepisma Saccharina Average size:  0.5-1inch Commonly found: In dark moist places, garages, sheds Diet: Carbohydrates such as sugars and starches General characteristics and facts: They are nocturnal They are quick movers as well as reproducers They can be white, brownish-grey, or…

Spiders

Spiders

Spiders Scientific name: Araneae Common species: (in Northern California) Grass Spider, Cellar-Spider (also known as Daddy Long Legs Spiders), Gray Wall-Jumper, Mouse Spider,  Black Widow, Orbweavers, Garden Spiders Average size: Spider sizes vary greatly depending on species and can range from <0.1-4.0< inches Commonly found: On…

Stink Bugs

Stink Bugs

What’s all the stink about? The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, originally from Asia, has quickly been spreading throughout the United States. Residents here in the North State are encountering these bugs more and more frequently as the bugs settle into…

Termites

Termites Scientific name: Isoptera Average size: About 0.5inches Commonly found: In wood, furniture, walls Diet: Wood, other sources of cellulose General characteristics and facts: Termites built their nests as hard mounds above ground They work 24 hours a day and do not sleep One colony…

Wasps

Wasps

Wasps Scientific Name: Hymenoptera Average Size: 1 inch Common species: Paper wasps, hornets, Yellow-jackets Commonly Found: In or near their nests, which they build in the ground or suspending from trees, overhangs, gutters, eaves, etc. Diet: Insects, spiders, dead animals, fruit, nectar, human food. General Characteristics and…

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